Phonics and Spellings

Letters and Sounds in Early Years

Ambleside CE Primary School follow the phonic programme — Letters and Sounds.

The Letters and Sounds programme is divided into six phases with each phase building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning.

Phase 1 begins and there are 7 aspects to this phase. We plan activities that help the children listen attentively to sounds around them. We sing and teach the children a wide range of nursery rhymes and songs and read a variety of stories with the children. Ideas of how to support your child at home: Visit the Letters and Sounds website for phase 1 games and activities  I spy - emphasising the first sounds of each word/object seen e.g. c,c,c—car, ch, ch, ch - chip, b,b,b,b—box.

Learning how to blend—We teach the children to blend sounds together e.g. c-a-t=cat, playing games like Simple Simon, touch your h-ea-d =head, t-oe-s=toes, l-e-g=leg, ch-i-n, Simon says get you b-a-g=bag, Simon says go to b-e-d=bed. Blending is a vital skill for reading.

Learning how to ‘toy talk’ - Children will learn how to talk l like a ‘robot’ and will segment the words e.g. cat = c-a-t. The word is broken into sounds, this is a vital skill for spelling. The emphasis is on helping your child to hear the separate sounds in words and to create spoken sounds. Your child will not be expected to match the letter to the sounds at this stage.

Phase 2 In this phase your child will be learning to make grapheme-phoneme correspondences, for example matching the written letter (grapheme) with the sound it makes (phoneme). Recognise—s,a,t,p,i,n,m,d,g,o,c,k,ck,e,u,r,h,f,ff,l,ll,ss. To blend and segment CVC words and read the tricky words I to the, no and go, Visit the Letters and Sounds website for phase 2 games and activities.

Learning Journey

Your child has their own special online learning journal. This is where significant observations are kept and shared with you during our open morning/afternoon sessions. Observations are a key aspect of the EYFS and we observe your child to find out their current interests and next steps in learning.

We would love you to be part of your child’s learning journey throughout Reception and you can add photographs and key comments onto your child’s online learning journal. If your child does something very special and you, as their parent/guardian, think ‘WOW’ please write it down on a WOW moment and pass it on to Early Years staff. This will be added to your child’s learning journal.


From Reception and on through KS1

Year 1 continue to work through the phonics stages using Phonics Play. For further information on the phonic stages taught from Early Years through KS1 please take a look at our booklet - simply click on the image below.


Y2 to Y6

In Years 2 to 6 we follow the 'No Nonsense Spelling Programme' which is based on the National Curriculum requirements.